Comparative Study on Maxwell and Navier Stokes Fluid Equations with Pressure Gradient Over a Flat Plate for Convective Boundary Layer Flow and Heat Transfer


  • Amber Nehan Kashif Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM)
  • Zainal Abdul Aziz Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM)



In this article, Maxwell fluid over a flat plate for convective boundary layer flow with pressure gradient parameter is considered. The aim of this study is to compare and analyze the effects of the presence and absence of λ (relaxation time), and also the effects of m (pressure gradient parameter) and Pr (Prandtl number) on the momentum and thermal boundary layer thicknesses. An approximation technique namely Homotopy Perturbation Method (HPM) has been used with an implementation of Adam and Gear Method’s algorithms. The obtained results have been compared for zero relaxation time and also pressure gradient parameter with the published work of Fathizadeh and Rashidi. The current outcomes are found to be in good agreement with the published results. Physical interpretations have been given for the effects of the m, Pr and β (Deborah number) with λ. This study will play an important role in industrial and engineering applications.

Author Biography

Amber Nehan Kashif, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM)

Department of Mathematical Sciences