Modelling Asthma Cases by Count Analysis Approach: Poisson INGARCH and Negative Binomial INGARCH


  • 'Aaishah Radziah Jamaludin Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
  • Fadhilah Yusof Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
  • Suhartono Suhartono



Johor Bahru with its rapid development where pollution is an issue that needs to be considered because it has contributed to the number of asthma cases in this area. Therefore, the goal of this study is to investigate the behaviour of asthma disease in Johor Bahru by count analysis approach namely; Poisson Integer Generalized Autoregressive Conditional Heteroscedasticity (Poisson-INGARCH) and Negative Binomial INGARCH (NB-INGARCH) with identity and log link function. Intervention analysis was conducted since the outbreak in the asthma data for the period of July 2012 to July 2013. This occurs perhaps due to the extremely bad haze in Johor Bahru from Indonesian fires. The estimation of the parameter will be done by quasi-maximum likelihood estimation. Model assessment was evaluated from the Pearson residuals, cumulative periodogram, the probability integral transform (PIT) histogram, log-likelihood value, Akaike’s Information Criterion (AIC) and Bayesian information criterion (BIC). Our result shows that NB-INGARCH with identity and log link function is adequate in representing the asthma data with uncorrelated Pearson residuals, higher in log likelihood, the PIT exhibits normality yet the lowest AIC and BIC. However, in terms of forecasting accuracy, NB-INGARCH with identity link function performed better with the smaller RMSE (8.54) for the sample data. Therefore, NB-INGARCH with identity link function can be applied as the prediction model for asthma disease in Johor Bahru. Ideally, this outcome can assist the Department of Health in executing counteractive action and early planning to curb asthma diseases in Johor Bahru.




How to Cite

Jamaludin, ’Aaishah R., Yusof, F., & Suhartono, S. (2020). Modelling Asthma Cases by Count Analysis Approach: Poisson INGARCH and Negative Binomial INGARCH. MATEMATIKA: Malaysian Journal of Industrial and Applied Mathematics, 36(1), 15–30.