# Global Stability and Optimal Control of Dengue with Two Coexisting Virus Serotypes

## Authors

• Afeez Abidemi Department of Mathematical Sciences Universiti Teknologi Malaysia 81310 Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia Department of Mathematical Sciences, Federal University of Technology, Akure P.M.B. 704, Ondo State, Nigeria
• Rohanin Ahmad Department of Mathematical Sciences Universiti Teknologi Malaysia 81310 Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia
• Nur Arina Bazilah Aziz Department of Mathematical Sciences Universiti Teknologi Malaysia 81310 Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia

## Abstract

This study presents a two-strain deterministic model which incorporates Dengvaxia vaccine and insecticide (adulticide) control strategies to forecast the dynamics of transmission and control of dengue in Madeira Island if there is a new outbreak with a different virus serotypes after the first outbreak in 2012. We construct suitable Lyapunov functions to investigate the global stability of the disease-free and boundary equilibrium points. Qualitative analysis of the model which incorporates time-varying controls with the specific goal of minimizing dengue disease transmission and the costs related to the control implementation by employing the optimal control theory is carried out. Three strategies, namely the use of Dengvaxia vaccine only, application of adulticide only, and the combination of Dengvaxia vaccine and adulticide are considered for the controls implementation. The necessary conditions are derived for the optimal control of dengue. We examine the impacts of the control strategies on the dynamics of infected humans and mosquito population by simulating the optimality system. The disease-free
equilibrium is found to be globally asymptotically stable whenever the basic reproduction numbers associated with virus serotypes 1 and j (j 2 {2, 3, 4}), respectively, satisfy R01,R0j 1, and the boundary equilibrium is globally asymptotically stable when the related R0i (i = 1, j) is above one. It is shown that the strategy based on the combination of Dengvaxia vaccine and adulticide helps in an effective control of dengue spread in the Island.

31-12-2019

## How to Cite

Abidemi, A., Ahmad, R., & Aziz, N. A. B. (2019). Global Stability and Optimal Control of Dengue with Two Coexisting Virus Serotypes. MATEMATIKA, 35(4), 149–170. https://doi.org/10.11113/matematika.v35.n4.1269

Mathematics