Predicting Top Five Cryptocurrency Prices via Linear Structural Time Series (STS) Approach


  • Nurazlina Abdul Rashid Mathematical Sciences Studies, College of Computing, Informatics and Media, Universiti Teknologi Mara (UITM) Cawangan Kedah 08400 Merbok Kedah, Malaysia.
  • Mohd Tahir Ismail School of Mathematical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 USM, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia
  • Noor Wahida Md Junus Faculty of Science and Mathematics Sultan Idris Education University, 35900 Tanjong Malim, Perak,Malaysia



Predicting cryptocurrency prices are difficult due to dynamic data. At the same time, the hidden market behavior of trend and seasonal components in the history data is also critical as it provides an idea of what the price pattern will be in the future. Hence, this research proposes to identify and model the hidden pattern behavior in terms of component time series instead of removing it via the linear structural time series (STS) model approach. This study focuses on the top five cryptocurrencies relying on the highest market capitalization. From the results obtained, the top five cryptocurrencies have a different trend model, either deterministic or stochastic, which relies on the behavior of data. The five cryptocurrencies also show the crypto winter event, where the trend is downward after six months every year. The linear STS is the best model for predicting three cryptocurrencies’ prices for nonstationary and volatility data behavior. It can also handle the hidden component behavior and is easy to interpret. Since the linear STS model can indirectly retain the information of data, it will assist investors and traders in accurately predicting cryptocurrency prices.




How to Cite

Abdul Rashid, N., Ismail, M. T. . ., & Md Junus, N. W. . (2023). Predicting Top Five Cryptocurrency Prices via Linear Structural Time Series (STS) Approach. MATEMATIKA: Malaysian Journal of Industrial and Applied Mathematics, 39(1), 43–73.